Welcome to the 31st Annual Meeting of the Southeast Asian Linguistics Society (SEALS 31)! Thank you for joining us.
(Please not that we are still awaiting a few items for the schedule, and they will be added as they come in)

In-person attendees: Face masks are required for indoor events on the UH Mānoa campus and in the conference venues. Please make sure to bring and wear yours. (NOTE: Presenters can remove their masks when presenting, but attendees must keep their masks on.) Please also be advised that the presentation rooms have air conditioning, so if you tend to get cold in air-conditioned rooms, you may want to bring a sweater or jacket with you.
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Registration: Registration will be open from 11 AM to 4:50 PM every day in the foyer of the Campus Center Ballroom (3rd floor)
Coffee Service: A coffee service will be available from 11 AM to 4:50 PM every day in Ballroom 1 of Campus Center
Virtual Posters: Posters are asynchronous this year. Please refer to the two poster blocks at the top of the schedule to view the posters and brief presentation videos from the poster presenters.

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This conference was co-organized by the UHM Department of Linguistics and the National Foreign Language Resource Center (NFLRC) and received generous funding from the National Science Foundation, the NFLRC, and the UHM Center for Southeast Asian Studies (CSEAS).
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Wednesday, May 18 • 5:05pm - 6:20pm
Opening Plenary : The Acquisition of Passive in Thai Preschoolers

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Passives in Thai are one that are generally marked with the adversative passive marker thuuk or doon, with full passives shown in (1) and short passive shown in (2). It is typically argued that children acquire passives much later than active sentences and may have difficulty comprehending passives in early age. Moreover, children tend to acquire passive with actional verbs earlier than those with psychological verbs (Maratsos et al. 1985). This study then aims at examining how pre-school Thai children comprehend and produce Thai passive containing verbs with adversative and actional features.

136 Monolingual preschool Thai children took part in these comprehension and production tasks for acquisition of passive construction in Thai. Adversative and non-adversative verbs as well as actional and non-actional (psychological) verbs in semantically reversible passive sentences were tested. In comprehension test, children were given four-choices picture-based tasks and asked to identify the pictures corresponding to the given passive sentences. In the production test, they were asked to describe the given pictures.

The results show that children are able to comprehend Thai passive as early as 2 years old with the accuracy rate of children’s comprehension increasing by age. In making Thai passive construction, children prefer to use short passive sentence and the passive marker doon. Children can produce passive construction with adversative verbs as early as 2-3 years old with usage increase by older age. Most passive sentences found are constructed with adversative actional verbs. Of all the verbs investigated, the adversative-actional verbs tii ‘to beat’ is the most frequently used in passive construction, followed by yìk ‘to pinch’ and kàt ‘to bite’, respectively. Non-actional (psychological) and non-adversative verbs are rarely used to construct the thùuk/doon passive construction in Thai children.

Kitima Indrambarya, Ph.D. is an Associate Professor in Linguistics at the Department of Linguistics, Faculty of Humanities, Kasetsart University, Thailand. She is a former dean of Faculty of Humanities, Kasetsart University. Her research interest is on Thai syntax and language acquisition. Her recent research is on syntactic acquisition of preschool Thai children. 





Kitima Indrambarya

Kasetsart University
Thai linguist with interestvin syntax and language acquisition

Wednesday May 18, 2022 5:05pm - 6:20pm HST
ARCH 205